The index below covers a range of Middle-English terms used in medieval English cooking texts. Included are some of the more unusual spelling variants for modern words, English words still in use but considered archaic or old fashioned, and words common to England that may be unknown elsewhere (e.g. the names of English river fish).
rales (rails) : A wetland bird of the genus Rallus.
Water Rail - Rallus aquaticus
ransched : Rinsed.
rapes (also: rapus) : Turnips.
raston : A sort of tart made by stuffing bread with butter and breadcrumbs.
rawnes : Fish roe.
restyn (also: restyng) : Turning rancid.
rether : Ox.
rew (also: rewe) : Rue (Ruta graveolens). A medicinal herb.
Rue - Ruta graveolens
riall : Royal.
roches : Roach (Rutilus rutilus). A freshwater fish.
Roach - Rutilus rutilus
roo : Roe Deer (Capreolus capreolus).
roppis : Intestines.
ruayn : A semi-soft cheese made in autumn. Possibly similar to Pont-l'Évêque.
rynysshe wyne : Rhine wine.
rysshews : Small fried pies filled with dried fruits.
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